When we don’t have the records of when an important monument was established, we know that it is amongst the oldest monuments in the country. Gwalior Fort is one of them. Spread over a hill, it not only encircles several palaces and temples but it also holds within itself several myths, legends, and factual stories.
Here we give you five interesting facts of this fort:
- Going by the local lore, this fort was built by a local king named Suraj Sen in 3 CE. It is said that he was cured of leprosy, when a sage named Gwalipa offered him the water from a sacred pond, which now lies within the fort.
- The first historical record of the fort dates back to the 10th century when Kachchhapaghatas controlled the fort who were mostly the feudatories of the Chandelas.
- Several dynasties have ruled this fort, the most significant phase though was of the ‘Tomars’. In 1398, it came under their control. Maan Singh, a Tomar king, built several monuments here, hence his name inevitable comes up whenever Gwalior’s history is discussed.
- The fort kept changing hands throughout the history. The last to control it were British, who when realized that the fort has lost its strategic importance handed it to the Scindia family.
- There are beautiful rock carved images of ‘Jain Tirthankars’ on the face of the hill which you can view when you drive up the fort. Within the fort there are a couple of palaces and temples and lots of remains of several structures. The construction and design of the monuments inside are admirable.